Spinal Stenosis Surgery Options And Risks

By Patrick Foote

Spinal stenosis surgery is not necessary for most people. Conservative, or non-invasive, treatments are usually able to provide pain relief for the symptoms associated with the condition. Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing or blocking of the spinal canal, which can lead to the compression of the spinal cord or a nerve root. This nerve compression can cause symptoms of pain, tingling, weakness, spasms, cramping, and numbness. Sometimes, non-invasive treatments cannot alleviate these symptoms, even after several weeks or months. It is at this point that patients are typically asked to consider surgery.

Types of Spinal Stenosis Surgery

Surgical treatment of spinal stenosis will typically focus on nerve decompression procedures, such as:

— A laminectomy – A procedure that removes all of one, or both, laminae on a vertebra. The laminae form a protective arch around the posterior (back) side of the spinal cord.

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— A laminotomy – This procedure involves the removal of a small portion of a lamina.

— A foraminotomy – A foraminotomy removes a small amount of the vertebral bone or other tissues that surrounds or blocks a foramen. The foramina are the canals through which nerve roots pass as they branch off the spinal cord.

Although spinal fusion is not a decompression surgery, it is often used in conjunction with surgeries that remove components of the spine. Fusion also can be used to help correct spinal stenosis. The procedure uses bone grafts, support cages, screws, and rods to fuse two or more vertebrae together. As a spinal stenosis surgery option, spinal fusion is typically performed in conjunction with a laminectomy or laminotomy, in order to provide additional spinal support.

Potential Risks

Any invasive surgery has its risks, particularly if performed on the spine. Open back or neck spinal stenosis surgery may carry a significant risk of bleeding and infection. Nervous system problems and associated issues might also develop after surgery if any nerve damage to the spinal cord or nerve roots occurs during the procedure. Hardware rejection is a risk with spinal fusion procedures. Additionally, there is always a chance for paralysis or death when undergoing a spinal surgery, although both are rare occurrences.

In Conclusion

Most cases of spinal stenosis can be addressed with conservative treatment options such as pain medication, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, and cortisone injections. Only a small percentage of spinal stenosis patients opt for some type of elective surgery to treat their spinal stenosis symptoms.

Rarely, however, spinal stenosis can progress into a serious condition. One of the more serious complications of spinal stenosis is a condition called cauda equina syndrome, which is the compression of the bundle of nerve fibers (called the cauda equina) that extends off the bottom of the spinal cord. Cauda equina syndrome requires emergency surgery; otherwise, the compression of the cauda equina nerves could lead to permanent paralysis and incontinence. If you experience incontinence (a loss of urinary or bowel control) or difficulty walking, this could be a sign of cauda equina syndrome and you should seek immediate emergency care.

About the Author: Patrick Foote is the Director of eBusiness at Laser Spine Institute, the leader in endoscopic spine surgery. Laser Spine Institute specializes in safe and effective outpatient procedures for

spinal stenosis

and several other spinal conditions.



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Stanford physicists print smallest-ever letters ‘SU’ at subatomic level of 1.5 nanometres tall

Wednesday, February 4, 2009

A new historic physics record has been set by scientists for exceedingly small writing, opening a new door to computing‘s future. Stanford University physicists have claimed to have written the letters “SU” at sub-atomic size.

Graduate students Christopher Moon, Laila Mattos, Brian Foster and Gabriel Zeltzer, under the direction of assistant professor of physics Hari Manoharan, have produced the world’s smallest lettering, which is approximately 1.5 nanometres tall, using a molecular projector, called Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) to push individual carbon monoxide molecules on a copper or silver sheet surface, based on interference of electron energy states.

A nanometre (Greek: ?????, nanos, dwarf; ?????, metr?, count) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth of a metre (i.e., 10-9 m or one millionth of a millimetre), and also equals ten Ångström, an internationally recognized non-SI unit of length. It is often associated with the field of nanotechnology.

“We miniaturised their size so drastically that we ended up with the smallest writing in history,” said Manoharan. “S” and “U,” the two letters in honor of their employer have been reduced so tiny in nanoimprint that if used to print out 32 volumes of an Encyclopedia, 2,000 times, the contents would easily fit on a pinhead.

In the world of downsizing, nanoscribes Manoharan and Moon have proven that information, if reduced in size smaller than an atom, can be stored in more compact form than previously thought. In computing jargon, small sizing results to greater speed and better computer data storage.

“Writing really small has a long history. We wondered: What are the limits? How far can you go? Because materials are made of atoms, it was always believed that if you continue scaling down, you’d end up at that fundamental limit. You’d hit a wall,” said Manoharan.

In writing the letters, the Stanford team utilized an electron‘s unique feature of “pinball table for electrons” — its ability to bounce between different quantum states. In the vibration-proof basement lab of Stanford’s Varian Physics Building, the physicists used a Scanning tunneling microscope in encoding the “S” and “U” within the patterns formed by the electron’s activity, called wave function, arranging carbon monoxide molecules in a very specific pattern on a copper or silver sheet surface.

“Imagine [the copper as] a very shallow pool of water into which we put some rocks [the carbon monoxide molecules]. The water waves scatter and interfere off the rocks, making well defined standing wave patterns,” Manoharan noted. If the “rocks” are placed just right, then the shapes of the waves will form any letters in the alphabet, the researchers said. They used the quantum properties of electrons, rather than photons, as their source of illumination.

According to the study, the atoms were ordered in a circular fashion, with a hole in the middle. A flow of electrons was thereafter fired at the copper support, which resulted into a ripple effect in between the existing atoms. These were pushed aside, and a holographic projection of the letters “SU” became visible in the space between them. “What we did is show that the atom is not the limit — that you can go below that,” Manoharan said.

“It’s difficult to properly express the size of their stacked S and U, but the equivalent would be 0.3 nanometres. This is sufficiently small that you could copy out the Encyclopaedia Britannica on the head of a pin not just once, but thousands of times over,” Manoharan and his nanohologram collaborator Christopher Moon explained.

The team has also shown the salient features of the holographic principle, a property of quantum gravity theories which resolves the black hole information paradox within string theory. They stacked “S” and the “U” – two layers, or pages, of information — within the hologram.

The team stressed their discovery was concentrating electrons in space, in essence, a wire, hoping such a structure could be used to wire together a super-fast quantum computer in the future. In essence, “these electron patterns can act as holograms, that pack information into subatomic spaces, which could one day lead to unlimited information storage,” the study states.

The “Conclusion” of the Stanford article goes as follows:

According to theory, a quantum state can encode any amount of information (at zero temperature), requiring only sufficiently high bandwidth and time in which to read it out. In practice, only recently has progress been made towards encoding several bits into the shapes of bosonic single-photon wave functions, which has applications in quantum key distribution. We have experimentally demonstrated that 35 bits can be permanently encoded into a time-independent fermionic state, and that two such states can be simultaneously prepared in the same area of space. We have simulated hundreds of stacked pairs of random 7 times 5-pixel arrays as well as various ideas for pathological bit patterns, and in every case the information was theoretically encodable. In all experimental attempts, extending down to the subatomic regime, the encoding was successful and the data were retrieved at 100% fidelity. We believe the limitations on bit size are approxlambda/4, but surprisingly the information density can be significantly boosted by using higher-energy electrons and stacking multiple pages holographically. Determining the full theoretical and practical limits of this technique—the trade-offs between information content (the number of pages and bits per page), contrast (the number of measurements required per bit to overcome noise), and the number of atoms in the hologram—will involve further work.Quantum holographic encoding in a two-dimensional electron gas, Christopher R. Moon, Laila S. Mattos, Brian K. Foster, Gabriel Zeltzer & Hari C. Manoharan

The team is not the first to design or print small letters, as attempts have been made since as early as 1960. In December 1959, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman, who delivered his now-legendary lecture entitled “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom,” promised new opportunities for those who “thought small.”

Feynman was an American physicist known for the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as work in particle physics (he proposed the parton model).

Feynman offered two challenges at the annual meeting of the American Physical Society, held that year in Caltech, offering a $1000 prize to the first person to solve each of them. Both challenges involved nanotechnology, and the first prize was won by William McLellan, who solved the first. The first problem required someone to build a working electric motor that would fit inside a cube 1/64 inches on each side. McLellan achieved this feat by November 1960 with his 250-microgram 2000-rpm motor consisting of 13 separate parts.

In 1985, the prize for the second challenge was claimed by Stanford Tom Newman, who, working with electrical engineering professor Fabian Pease, used electron lithography. He wrote or engraved the first page of Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities, at the required scale, on the head of a pin, with a beam of electrons. The main problem he had before he could claim the prize was finding the text after he had written it; the head of the pin was a huge empty space compared with the text inscribed on it. Such small print could only be read with an electron microscope.

In 1989, however, Stanford lost its record, when Donald Eigler and Erhard Schweizer, scientists at IBM’s Almaden Research Center in San Jose were the first to position or manipulate 35 individual atoms of xenon one at a time to form the letters I, B and M using a STM. The atoms were pushed on the surface of the nickel to create letters 5nm tall.

In 1991, Japanese researchers managed to chisel 1.5 nm-tall characters onto a molybdenum disulphide crystal, using the same STM method. Hitachi, at that time, set the record for the smallest microscopic calligraphy ever designed. The Stanford effort failed to surpass the feat, but it, however, introduced a novel technique. Having equaled Hitachi’s record, the Stanford team went a step further. They used a holographic variation on the IBM technique, for instead of fixing the letters onto a support, the new method created them holographically.

In the scientific breakthrough, the Stanford team has now claimed they have written the smallest letters ever – assembled from subatomic-sized bits as small as 0.3 nanometers, or roughly one third of a billionth of a meter. The new super-mini letters created are 40 times smaller than the original effort and more than four times smaller than the IBM initials, states the paper Quantum holographic encoding in a two-dimensional electron gas, published online in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. The new sub-atomic size letters are around a third of the size of the atomic ones created by Eigler and Schweizer at IBM.

A subatomic particle is an elementary or composite particle smaller than an atom. Particle physics and nuclear physics are concerned with the study of these particles, their interactions, and non-atomic matter. Subatomic particles include the atomic constituents electrons, protons, and neutrons. Protons and neutrons are composite particles, consisting of quarks.

“Everyone can look around and see the growing amount of information we deal with on a daily basis. All that knowledge is out there. For society to move forward, we need a better way to process it, and store it more densely,” Manoharan said. “Although these projections are stable — they’ll last as long as none of the carbon dioxide molecules move — this technique is unlikely to revolutionize storage, as it’s currently a bit too challenging to determine and create the appropriate pattern of molecules to create a desired hologram,” the authors cautioned. Nevertheless, they suggest that “the practical limits of both the technique and the data density it enables merit further research.”

In 2000, it was Hari Manoharan, Christopher Lutz and Donald Eigler who first experimentally observed quantum mirage at the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California. In physics, a quantum mirage is a peculiar result in quantum chaos. Their study in a paper published in Nature, states they demonstrated that the Kondo resonance signature of a magnetic adatom located at one focus of an elliptically shaped quantum corral could be projected to, and made large at the other focus of the corral.

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Mary Barra appointed as General Motors chief

Tuesday, December 10, 2013

The United States’s largest car manufacturer General Motors today named Mary Barra as its new chief executive.

Barra, 51, will be the first woman to lead a firm in the American auto industry. She has been with General Motors for 33 years, and is currently the global head of product development.

She said in a statement: “With an amazing portfolio of cars and trucks and the strongest financial performance in our recent history, this is an exciting time at today’s GM. I’m honored to lead the best team in the business and to keep our momentum at full speed.”

She replaces Daniel Akerson, who was appointed by the government as both chief executive and chairman in 2009 during the company’s bankruptcy. Akerson plans to stand down on January 15 following his wife’s advanced cancer diagnosis.

In a message to employees, he said: “I will leave with great satisfaction in what we have accomplished, great optimism over what is ahead and great pride that we are restoring General Motors as America’s standard bearer in the global auto industry.”

Akerson will also relinquish his chairman role, to be replaced by current director Theodore Solso. The company also announced head of finance Daniel Ammann as its new president.

The appointment comes just days after the US government sold the last of its shares in the company, losing around $9 billion on its initial bailout in 2008 that saw 61% of the firm coming under public ownership.

General Motors recovered from their bankruptcy a year after the appointment of Akerson, and re-entered the stock market in November 2010. It remains the largest car manufacturer in the United States, posting sales figures of $152 billion in 2012. It currently produces fifteen brands of vehicle in 37 countries.

Barra holds a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Kettering University in Flint, Michigan, and was recently listed by Forbes as the 35th most powerful woman in the world.

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University hosting panel continues discussion on Wikipedia ethics without Wikimedia

Thursday, May 15, 2008

This article mentions the Wikimedia Foundation, one of its projects, or people related to it. Wikinews is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Wikinews has learned that the Wikimedia Foundation has decided not to participate in a panel discussion that is to take place at Santa Clara University in California. The discussion, which is titled ‘The World that Wikipedia Made,’ was to be based on the online encyclopedia Wikipedia and ethics involved in the editing of the website. It is the ninth such meeting in a series on technology, ethics, and law and is taking place today.

In an e-mail to Wikinews, Miriam Schulman the communications director for the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University which is to host the discussion, states that Mike Godwin, legal counsel for the Foundation, will not be speaking during the discussion as was originally planned.

According to Schulman, Godwin canceled his scheduled appearance just one week ago and has decided not to have anyone from the foundation replace him. Valleywag, a gossip website about technology, recently reported that Godwin was not attending due to a “groundswell of criticism of Wikipedia”.

“I don’t want to speak for Mr. Godwin or Wikimedia, but someone else made an incorrect assumption about this, so let me clarify that in our understanding, the problem was never with the composition of the panel. Mike Godwin, General Counsel of Wikimedia, was scheduled to participate in the panel, ‘The World that Wikipedia Made,’ on May 15. Last week, Mr. Godwin informed us that he would not participate, and subsequent discussions with Wikimedia Foundation indicated that they would not designate a replacement speaker,” stated Schulman to Wikinews.

“This is our ninth such panel (in addition to the hundreds of events on other topics our centers run each year), and we feel confident in our ability to set a respectful tone for discourse on controversial topics,” added Schulman.

Schulman would not comment on the reason for the Foundation’s decision. Wikinews also attempted to contact Godwin, but was directed to Jay Walsh who is the head of communications for the Foundation, but Wikinews has not received a response.

The panel was to include Carl Hewitt an electrical and computer science engineer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Godwin discussing Wikipedia with Pedro Hernández-Ramos, associate director for the Center for Science, Technology, and Society moderating the discussion. The plan was to discuss Wikipedia, and what does and doesn’t work for the encyclopedia.

“This panel will explore what works and what doesn’t in the Wikipedia editing model from the angles of ethics, expertise, education, and the law,” said a statement on the Center’s website.

Schulman states that the discussion, which is open to the public, is “still planned” for Thursday May 15 at 6:00 p.m. (pacific time) at the De Saisset Museum on the university’s campus, but it is not yet known if anyone outside the Foundation will be replacing Godwin. The High Tech Law Institute along with the Ethics Center are sponsoring the discussion. Both individuals are still attending the discussion.

“These events are always open to the public, which means everyone is welcome. In this kind of setting, we invite anyone with an interest in the topic,” stated Schulman to Wikinews.

The Foundation is the parent organization of Wikipedia and other projects such as Wikinews and Wikimedia Commons, a Wiki dedicated to hosting images that can be used throughout the projects of the Foundation.

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How To Become A Successful Interior Designer?

By Donald Pang

Molding oneself to become an interior designer starts with your passion for beauty, and a great desire to attain it in everything you do. If you possess that love for designing, then you’ll surely have the ability to turn something that may seem obsolete into a functional work of art.

But having that urge to become an interior designer is not enough to help you reach your ultimate goal. Without obtaining the proper skills, knowledge, and education, you can never claim yourself to be an interior designer. In honing yourself to become one, you must first know what the real purpose of an interior designer is, and why it is necessary to equip yourself with the essential skills and knowledge for creating a remarkable, and artistic space.

Let’s start by drawing the thin line between an interior decorator and an interior designer.

Most of us misconceive that an interior designer is one and the same with an interior decorator. There is somehow a difference between them, although the nature of work is closely related.

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Both interior designing and decorating requires talent and an eye for beauty, in bringing out the best in a room, or for artists, a blank canvass. But what makes interior designing different is that it does not only deal with the beautifying part, but designing in general. Aside from painting jobs, interior decorators do not get to touch the ceiling and wall design, they only leave it as is and stick what has already been built. They just add what they can to exude the character they want to portray for the room itself and even the user. But, with an interior designer, they get to control how their walls and ceilings will look like, according to the concept they have brainstormed upon.

Interior designing is a far more complicated subject than other people may perceive, as it would need a lot of coordination with architects and engineers. So somehow you must at least know a bit of how these professionals work things out.

Taking interior design courses and enrolling yourself in reputable interior design schools will help you a lot in attaining your goal to become a successful interior designer, as it will help you gain the said essential capabilities needed to work your way into becoming an interior designer.

Learn every bit of information you will get on that study, because keen attention to detail should also be one of a designer’s character. This will one by one build the whole design. A designer should also know the rights and moreover the responsibilities of an interior designer in relation to the people he works with and especially the people he works for.

Becoming an interior designer also requires a lot of your creativity, so you must know how to maintain and induce that in your works.

You can do this by reading a lot of the latest interior design books and magazines, updating yourself to new design trends by going to design and construction expos, and discovering newly invented tools and materials which can help you create new design trends as well.

An interior designer should never stop innovating, as change is something constant with people, and in one way or another they will grow tired with what has always been there. So you must be prepared to present something new and fresh to capture their interest for your style. Although design trends follow a cycle- everytime it passes this cycle, there is always something extracted and at the same time added to it. Therefore create a new style by taking only the old style as an inspiration and not the whole of it.

In some countries, professional license is required to grant you the right to practice interior design. Although in some, all you need is a diploma or a certificate and you’re good to go. So, in choosing where to practice the profession, be sure to make yourself aware of the certain requirements before you can work in that area, especially if you’re planning to take your talent to another part of the world.

If a designer has attained the proper skill and knowledge for interior design, then he’s sure to become one. But she should always keep it in her heart that passion is what will fire up the desire to succeed in the profession.

About the Author: Donald Pang, International Admissions Director of Raffles International Colleges. Start your interior design career with Raffles! We offer interior design degrees in these Asian countries such as Singapore, Kuala Lumpur – Malaysia, Hanoi – Vietnam, Jakarta – Indonesia, Manila – Philippines, Colombo – Sri Lanka, Phnom Penh – Cambodia, India, China, Sydney. Ask for a free career consultation today.

Source: isnare.com

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US Congresswoman Jackie Speier comments about Obamacare, Paralympics

Saturday, November 9, 2013

With the 2014 Winter Paralympics set for March, Wikinews sought comment from U.S. Representative Jackie Speier, who serves California’s 14th congressional district about the event and how current U.S. policies impact people with disabilities. Elected to the U.S. House in 2008, she serves on the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform and the House Armed Services Committee. For the first time ever, the Paralympics will be broadcast live in the U.S. on network television.

((Wikinews)) : Will “Obamacare” have a positive or negative impact on the lives of people with disabilities?

Jackie Speier: By-and-large the Affordable Care Act will have a significant and lasting beneficial impact on persons with disabilities […] Most importantly, pre-existing conditions will no longer prevent persons with disabilities from obtaining health insurance. Lifetime limits on medical expenses will be removed and preventive services will be free. All of these provisions of the law create health insurance that is highly supportive of good health outcomes for everyone, but in particular for those who have a disability.

((WN)) : Are there any Paralympic athletes or elite athletes with disabilities from your district that people should know more about?

Jackie Speier: There are currently two Paralympic athletes who train or live in my district that people will definitely hear more about in the coming years. One is a young woman named Allie Hyatt who trains in Judo with Willy Cahill, [whom] I have also trained with. Allie, who is visually impaired and just 15, has already won numerous awards and will participate in the Youth Olympic Games next year. She is sure to be a force in the Judo world for many, many years. Hyatt lives in San Francisco and Cahill is the founder and CEO of the Blind Judo Foundation.

Another great athlete is Mohamend Lahna who is training for the Rio Olympics in 2016 for the paratriathlon,” Speier continued. “He is from Morocco originally but lives now in San Mateo and trains daily at the College of San Mateo. He runs marathons with a prosthetic leg and has his sights set on winning several medals atworld and Olympic events in the future. Lahna has proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD), a birth defect that affects the hip and pelvis. He is married and has a 1-year-old child.

Wikinews also sought comment from other members of Congress, including John K. Delaney, Mike Honda, Kyrsten Sinema, Eric Swalwell, Raúl M. Grijalva and Ann Kirkpatrick but at publication time, had received no response.

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Latest trial of the One Laptop Per Child running in India; Uruguay orders 100,000 machines

Thursday, November 8, 2007

India is the latest of the countries where the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) experiment has started. Children from the village of Khairat were given the opportunity to learn how to use the XO laptop. During the last year XO was distributed to children from Arahuay in Peru, Ban Samkha in Thailand, Cardal in Uruguay and Galadima in Nigeria. The OLPC team are, in their reports on the startup of the trials, delighted with how the laptop has improved access to information and ability to carry out educational activities. Thailand’s The Nation has praised the project, describing the children as “enthusiastic” and keen to attend school with their laptops.

Recent good news for the project sees Uruguay having ordered 100,000 of the machines which are to be given to children aged six to twelve. Should all go according to plan a further 300,000 machines will be purchased by 2009 to give one to every child in the country. As the first to order, Uruguay chose the OLPC XO laptop over its rival from Intel, the Classmate PC. In parallel with the delivery of the laptops network connectivity will be provided to schools involved in the project.

The remainder of this article is based on Carla G. Munroy’s Khairat Chronicle, which is available from the OLPC Wiki. Additional sources are listed at the end.

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Two unconscious drug-overdosed men discovered outside University of Canberra residence hall

Friday, April 12, 2013

Yesterday morning in the Australian Capital Territory, two unconscious men were discovered outside the University of Canberra’s New Ressies.

Police said both men were in critical condition after being transported to nearby Calvary Hospital. According to the University of Canberra and Campus Living Services, who operate the university’s residence halls, neither man attended the university. Detective Sergeant John Giles from ACT Policing’s Criminal Investigations said the police believe both men overdosed on a synthetic ketamine product, which they likely consumed believing it was ecstasy. According to Giles, ecstasy is commonly used at nightclubs in Canberra.

Emergency services were first called to the scene at 11:00am Canberra time; officials were on site for at least another hour and a half. ACT Policing secured the area while AFP Forensics investigated. At this stage, the Australian Federal Police do not believe there were any suspicious circumstances surrounding the incident.

The incident follows a fire alarm going off at 3:20am Canberra time, and going off again around 7:20am. Fire alarm testing has been scheduled for today.

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Taekwondo, Tips, Warm Up, Intensity Exercise, Food, Recovery, Nutrition

Taekwondo, Tips, Warm up, Intensity exercise, Food, Recovery, Nutrition



Don\’t form exercise addiction. In general, first participates in the fitness training often feel excited, especially when exercise an effect. There is a largely encourage you to exercise more.

While, some people do great intensity workout directly when enter to gym, neglecting the warm up before practice. In addition, immoderate exercise will make you feel tired and affect your normal life and work. For this, US training board spokesman Richard Cotton points out that fitness is a long-term project, don\’t want to become strong and handsome sir in one day.

Woke up in the morning and after training are the two important time to you eat food.

You need eat more food when you don\’t feel full in the morning. If not, you will feel hungry in the following exercise. American Colorado State University assistant professor Bern said that people should eat more foods which contain more carbohydrates and proteins in the morning.

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Egg white is a better choice

In addition; low-fat yogurt, milk and cereals are the better choice as well. After exercise, you should eat immediately. Due to your body needs replenish energies at this time. Food is better to contain carbohydrate, protein, water and so on. Of course, delicious snacks are needed.

Many kinds\’ exercises are benefit for your health it can promote your body function balanced development}

Aerobic exercises can strong endurance and cardiovascular systems, but it has small effect on growth strength and body function. Only unite the aerobic exercise with power training can boost physical quality in a whole

Before training do stretching exercises, but do warm up first

Doing ten minutes low intensity pedal exercise first. It decreases hurting, what\’s more, it also boosts body temperature before doing great intensity practice. If your body becomes warmer, you can continue to do five to ten minutes stretching practice, especially stretch muscles and body joints which may be used.

Recovery is also important to participants

During the training, the necessary pause can\’t be ignored. Due to body needs enough rest periods to recover. As a beginner, don\’t do more than four times of great physical exercises in a week.

In addition, comprehensive nutrition maintenance is needed. Eating five to six times is better in one day. At last, you should sleep eight hours. Because enough sleeping will make your spirit and body recovery.

Don\’t do the same exercise again and again. Exercise experts tell us that our body will change if you enforce it. That is to say, you do more exercises, your body changes more too.

Taekwondo is a exclusive style of sport in room; it requests the fast movement of foot. So you could know nice and fit shoes are key factors. Visit Nike Free Run 2 and Nike Free 3.0 V3 to get the finest shoes for Taekwondo.

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Wikinews interviews Joe Schriner, Independent U.S. presidential candidate

Saturday, April 17, 2010

Journalist, counselor, painter, and US 2012 Presidential candidate Joe Schriner of Cleveland, Ohio took some time to discuss his campaign with Wikinews in an interview.

Schriner previously ran for president in 2000, 2004, and 2008, but failed to gain much traction in the races. He announced his candidacy for the 2012 race immediately following the 2008 election. Schriner refers to himself as the “Average Joe” candidate, and advocates a pro-life and pro-environmentalist platform. He has been the subject of numerous newspaper articles, and has published public policy papers exploring solutions to American issues.

Wikinews reporter William Saturn? talks with Schriner and discusses his campaign.

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